A key natural gas pipeline construction project designed to supply Russia's natural gas to China through the east route reached completion on Saturday, Dec. 3, 2022, Global Times reported on Sunday.
The landmark pipeline project built through cooperation between China and Russia will allow natural gas supplies from Russia to flow across the Yangtze River to Shanghai, China, laying a solid foundation for completion for the full completion of the massive Russia-China energy cooperation project.
According to PIpeChina, the construction of a critical under-river tunnel across the Yangtze River, which is also the pipeline's key control project, was completed in 28 months.
Designed with three natural gas pipelines with 1,422 millimetres diameter each, the tunnel stretches for 10.226 kilometres, according to media reports.
The entire pipeline will transport 38 billion cubic meters of Russian natural gas to China annually from 2024 under a $400 billion 30-year energy deal signed between Russian state gas giant Gazprom and China National Petroleum Corp, Xinhua News Agency reported.
According to Lin Boqiang, director of the China Center for Energy Economics Research at Xiamen University, the project's completion and full operation will bolster China's energy security amid the rising gas costs globally.
"The project offers a successful example of mutual benefit and win-win international cooperation, and it combines the advantages of Russia's abundant resources with China's vast market," Lin said, adding that the crisis in Ukraine has brought more opportunities for China-Russia cooperation in the future as Beijing makes efforts to Optimise the country's energy consumption structures.
The Yangtze tunnel is a critical part of the east-route natural gas pipeline expected to be completed and put into use by 2025. The entire pipeline stretches for more than 8,000 kilometres, with 3,000 kilometres in Russia's territory and 5,111 kilometres in China.
The northern section of Heihe, running from Northeast China's Heilongjiang Province to Changling in Northeast China's Jilin Province, entered operation in 2019, with the middle section starting from Changling to Yongqing located in North China's Hebei Province, entering operation in 2020.